The Primary Classroom


girls-on-rug-lg

At New World, we believe that children are the creators of the adults they will become. The Montessori classroom aids children in reaching their fullest potential in a harmonious and joyful environment. By using inviting materials that allow for self-correction and self-paced work, children flourish and feel deep satisfaction as they develop social graces, muscular coordination, concentration, self-discipline and independence. 0020

In the Children’s House, children ages 2 ½ through 6, are introduced to practical life skills, sensory development, mathematical concepts, reading, writing, vocabulary, science, geography, music, and art.

Children learn to follow tasks through to completion, put things away, and share materials. Academics are introduced through concrete, manipulable materials that employ all five senses and lay the groundwork for abstract thinking. Children are free to make choices while they also learn the importance of kindness, patience, and respect for others.

Practical Life

Activities of daily living prepare children to care for themselves and their environment and give each child a sense of mastery and self-confidence. By performing such tasks as sweeping, polishing, 0093washing, and preparing food, children develop coordination, concentration, and good work habits. Lessons in grace and courtesy are also an important part of practical life. In a harmonious classroom, children learn to practice good manners and gain consideration for others.

Sensorial

Sensorial materials are designed to heighten and refine the senses of sight, touch, sound, taste, and smell. By using all their senses, children come to understand and classify the environment. As children learn to distinguish, categorize, and compare the qualities of concrete materials, they also enrich their vocabulary and lay the foundation for understanding abstract concepts in math and geometry. Sensorial materials also develop the small muscle coordination necessary to master writing.

Mathematics

Dr. Maria Montessori believed that every human being has a mathematical mind. It is in our nature to quantify, measure, compute, estimate, and see patterns and sequences. Children’s understanding of basic 0022numerical concepts, place value, and the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division emerges from using tactile materials that allow them to visualize the abstraction of numbers. By exploring with materials that enable self-correction, children build a foundation of concrete experiences that give them a lifelong understanding of mathematical principles.

Language

Young children have a magnificent gift–they absorb language effortlessly. In the Montessori classroom, we give them every opportunity to enrich their vocabulary as we name objects in the environment, give scientific classifications for leaf shapes and parts of animals, teach geographic names, and identify shapes, dimensions, and sizes. Using the moveable alphabet and sandpaper letters, children learn the sounds of letters. Soon they are linking letters to make words, then words to make sentences.0012 After acquiring sufficient experience with oral language and individual sounds, they advance to cursive writing and phonetic reading.

Cultural Areas

In a Montessori classroom, the natural and cultural diversity of the world is embraced. During the absorbent mind period, children explore geography, botany, zoology, science, history, art, and music. Engaging Montessori materials introduce the animal kingdom, the world of plants, and experimental science. Children learn about our planet and its diverse peoples and countries through puzzle maps, music, flags, artifacts, and the celebration of holidays.